List of figures

Figure 1.1: Data, paradigms and theories (descriptive, normative)

Figure 1.2: Context + cases, emerging theory and emerging methods

Figure 2.1: Interpreting source language

Figure 2.2: Compiling source language into target language 24

Figure 2.3: Private source licensing

Figure 2.4: Free/libre reciprocal licensing

Figure 2.5: Open source permissive licensing

Figure 2.6: Open source permissive licensing on a free/libre reciprocal project

Figure 2.7: Open source permissive licensing on a private sourcing project

Figure 2.8: What + where: private sourcing “one best way” specifications

Figure 2.9: What + where: open sourcing "a thousand flowers bloom"

Figure 2.10: When + why: private sourcing planning + rules, ideal-seeking

Figure 2.11: When + why: open sourcing piecemealing+modifiability, situated

Figure 2.12: Who + how: front stage magicians, back stage crew

Figure 2.13: Who + how: independent performers mutually accommodating

Figure 3.1: Considerations in research approach by chapter

Figure 3.2: Data in Appendices A and B

Figure 3.3: Analysis in Chapters 4 and 5

Figure 3.4: Induction in Chapters 6, 7 and 8

Figure 3.5: Metainquiry in Chapter 9

Figure 4.1: Timeline of cases

Figure 4.2: Timeline of integrating-development

Figure 4.3: Timeline of microblogging

Figure 4.4: Timeline of blogging

Figure 4.5: Timeline of wikiing

Figure 4.6: Timeline of podcasting

Figure 4.7: Timeline of mashing-up

Figure 4.8: Timeline of coauthoring

Figure 5.1: Five contexts behind open sourcing while private sourcing

Figure 5.2: Context from IBM senior managers advancing strategic bets

Figure 5.3: IBM turn toward open architecture and common standards

Figure 5.4: IBM annual reports mentioning open source and open standards

Figure 5.5: Context from IBM employees engaging globally online

Figure 5.6: IBM employees conferencing worldwide on online forums

Figure 5.7: IBM employees connecting on the Internet and w3 intranet

Figure 5.8: IBM employees sharing emerging technologies on alphaWorks

Figure 5.9: IBM employees pooling non-commercial source internally

Figure 5.10: IBM employees engaging in Jams

Figure 5.11: IBM employees on Technology Adoption Program

Figure 5.12: IBM employees on social computing guidelines

Figure 5.13: IBMers in the Greater IBM Community

Figure 5.14: Context from IBM consultants probing

Figure 5.15: IBM consultants probing with Global CEO Studies

Figure 5.16: IBM consultants probing on C-suite Studies

Figure 5.17: Context from IBM researchers scouting

Figure 5.18: IBM researchers scouting on Global Innovation Outlooks

Figure 5.19: IBM researchers leading SSMED

Figure 5.20: Businesses, creatives, governments, makers and academics

Figure 5.21: Private sourcing businesses exploring open sourcing

Figure 5.22: Creative Commons licensing

Figure 5.23: Open government data with citizens

Figure 5.24: Open source hardware and the maker movement

Figure 5.25: Research on (commons-based) peer production

Figure 6.1: Induction into a theory of quality-generating sequencing

Figure 7.1: Induction into an emerging theory of affordances wayfaring

Figure 8.1: Induction into an emerging theory of anticipatory appreciating

Figure 9.1: Multiparadigm research: paradigm, theory, emerging cases

Figure 9.2: Logical categories of learning [for]

Figure 9.3: Proto-learning (Learning I [for])

Figure 9.4: Deutero-learning (Learning II [for])

Figure 9.5: Trito-learning (Learning III [for])

Figure 9.6: Bateson's levels arranged as a recursive hierarchy [redrawn from Tosey, Vissers and Saunders (2012)]

Figure 9.7: Labor cost percentages [Wright (1936)]

Figure A.1: StarOffice major derivatives (Gerard, 2013)

Figure A.2: Free-Libre / Open Source Licenses (Wheeler, 2007)

Figure B.1: Fashion design produces apparel as "useful articles" in physical fixed expressions (Blakley 2010a)

Figure B.2: Percentage of individuals using the Internet (ITU)



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